Learn about types of pest control

Learn about types of pest control

Pest have been bugging humans since we became self-aware, and since then we have devised many different ways to kill those pesky pests. Some are more lucrative than others, some are made in a laboratory, and some are nature made. But all in all most of them work for one situation or another. If you tried one of these ways and it has not worked don’t worry, there are many other ways you can try and we will list them all.

Use of animals

There are many animals that act as pest hunters. These little helpers usually come as pets and sometimes as trained helpers just for this specific issue. Many dogs, cats, and birds have been trained to help catch the pests that are trying to house themselves near our food supplies. If you use a cat combined with trap placement you are guaranteed to rid yourself of mice and rats.

Biological control

Many insects rely on a certain food source or a certain water source to breed or feed. If you insert a specific chemical that will only target the specific insect, you have successfully used biological control to exterminate or lower the population of that insect.  Depending on your pests the biological treatment will be different.

Mechanical

Some technological advancements will help us get rid of annoying pests a bit easier. Many traps that are extremely efficient at killing or trapping the pests fall in this category.

Field burning

fire

After the harvest of certain crops, the fields would be burned down so that all the insects and pests that are in the ground or at the roots of the plants would die off. This is usually used for crops that will have to be planted again next season, like sugar canes.

Hunting of pests

Many pests come in the form of small animals. They can be hunted in some countries using firearms. Make sure to check the laws of your country when it comes to killing these types of pests.

Pesticides

Pesticides are everything that kills insects, and they can be delivered to the plants through spraying from trucks, planes or by hand.  These chemicals can be harmful to humans and other life around so make sure you know what you are doing and that you have taken all the steps to protect yourself and what you don’t want to destroy with these chemicals.

Natural control of rodents

rodentThere are many places where using chemicals is either forbidden or not encouraged. In these sites, you are usually left with natural ways to control the pests. Like increasing the population of the pest’s natural hunter. Many parks and special zones have these types of rules.

Rodenticides

These chemicals are pesticides that focus on killing rodents like mice and rats. Rodenticides won’t harm insects but need to be placed with care so other animals won’t ingest them by accident and poison themselves.

Repellents

Many repellents are made from chemicals and they keep the pests away to a certain degree. Many smells and sounds can be considered repellents.

How to use rodenticides for pest control?

How to use rodenticides for pest control?

When you have a problem with pests that don’t belong to the insect category, you just have to use some good old-fashioned rodenticides. This category has lots of different chemicals in them, but most of them do one thing, they stop normal blood clotting. For that reason, they are called anticoagulants. There is also a different group of rodenticides that don’t belong to the anticoagulants, but we will talk about them later.

So for which rodents can these poisons be used you ask? In short most of the mammal world can be poisoned by these chemicals. Rodents like mice, rats, squirrels, porcupines, woodchucks, wild cats, raccoons, nutria, beavers, chipmunks and much more. You have to be very careful when using this poison as you can easily infect any unintended animal. Additionally, be careful when placing this in a habitat that kids can wonder into. These poisons are very colorful so kids might mistake them for candy.

So how do they work?

In most cases, these poisons will be used to poison rodents by oral ingestion, but they can also highly poisonous if inhaled or by dermal use. They can also have nasty skin irritation or eye irritation effects, so make sure to handle them with proper personal protective equipment and never change their packaging. Additionally, keep them locked and out of reach of children and pets if you have any. Some of these anticoagulants require more than one ingestion to be effective.

Things like Warfarin, Chlorophacinone, Diphacinone requires multiple intakes by the pest. On the other hand, anticoagulants like Bromadiolone, Difethialone, Brodifacoum requires just a single ingestion by the pests as they have a higher toxic rate.

Secondary poisoning

no ratsThe fact that these poisons have a high concentration of them can pose a problem for other mammals if they eat the poisoned pest. For instance, if a mouse got poisoned and died and a cat would come and eat the mouse the cat would have secondary poisoning.

Depending on the poison used to kill the pests, the cat will have anywhere from minimum poisoning reactions, to severe and in some cases death. Make sure that once you apply poison to certain areas that you check those areas frequently if you don’t want other mammals to get affected.

This can be a tricky situation if you own a farm where there are many pests and even more animals and wildlife that you don’t want to get affected by the extermination that the poison can provide. So if you don’t want to kill off the whole population of foxes, raccoons, birds and similar wildlife, keep the locations that you have marked with the poison in check.

The rodenticides are a good way to keep your crops safe and sound from many pests that can run rampant and destroy a whole year’s work; you just have to make sure that you handle them in the correct manner and that you dispose of them poison once you are done using it.